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■無料 英語独学スーパー教材 CNNニュース:“Dow suffers worst point drop ever”

Story Highlights

・U.S. House of Representatives rejects $700B bailout plan by 205-228 votes
・Dow Jones plunges; President Bush "very disappointed"
・Republicans blame senior Democrat for speech alienating their support
・Plan gave U.S. Treasury authority to buy troubled assets from financial institutions


House of Representatives 衆議院、下院
bail-out 【名】脱出、財政的緊急援助、救済措置、企業救済、課税留保
plunge
 【名】飛び込み、突入、急落
 【自動】飛び込む、急に下がる、急落する
 【他動】~を突っ込む、押し込む、突き刺す、急に始める
senior Democrat 米国民主党主席議員
alienate【他動】疎遠にする、遠ざける、仲間外れにする、無視する、避ける譲渡する

GOP blames Pelosi 3:08
Rep. John Boehner blames the failure of the bailout vote on a 'partisan' speech by Rep. Nancy Pelosi.

partisan
 【名】味方、同志、党員、ゲリラ隊員、支持者
 【形】党派心の強い、党派的な、党利の


(CNN) -- U.S. lawmakers in the House of Representatives on Monday voted against the biggest proposed government intervention in the U.S. economy since the Great Depression of 1929.

intervention 【名】介入、市場介入、調停、仲裁、おせっかい、干渉、内政干渉、売り惜しみ
depression 【名】押し下げること、下がること、下降、沈下、陥没、くぼみ、低地、恐慌、不況、不景気、落ち込み、意気消沈、絶望、うつ病、抑うつ症、低下、減退、低気圧

Government officials, Treasury chiefs and political leaders from both sides of the political divide thought they had agreed Sunday on the details of a $700 billion rescue plan that would prop up the nation's ailing financial system -- and be supported in the House of Representatives.

divide
 【名】分割、分配、分裂、分水嶺
 【自動】~に分かれる
 【他動】~を分ける、分割する、~と…を分離する、~を分け合う、分担する、~を…に分け与える、~を分裂{ぶんれつ}させる、意見を異にさせる、~を…に分類{ぶんるい}する
prop up【句動】下支えする、てこ入れする
prop-up 【名】てこ入れ、強化
ailing【形】病んでいる、病気で苦しんでいる、病気療養中の、不快な、不調の、不安定な、経営難の


As it became apparent the vote was lost, the Dow Jones plunged.
Preliminary tallies had the Dow losing 777 points -- the worst single-day point loss ever, topping even the loss following the September 11 terrorist attacks.

preliminary
 【名】準備段階{じゅんび だんかい}、下ごしらえ、予選、予備試験、前付け
 【形】準備の、前置きの、予備の、予備的な、準備的な、仮の、序の、発端の、予選の
tally
 【名】勘定、計算票、投票集計、割り符
 【他動】~を勘定する、計算する、数え上げる、集計する、記録する、挙げる、~を一致する、符合させる


Monday's plummet knocked out approximately $1.2 trillion in market value, the first post-$1 trillion day ever, according to a drop in the Dow Jones Wilshire 5000, the broadest measure of the stock market. However the 7 percent decline does not rank among the top 10 percentage declines.
Republicans and Democrats blamed each other for the result -- 205 to 228 against the bailout.
President George W. Bush was "very disappointed," his spokesman, Tony Fratto said. Bush will be meeting with his advisors and will be calling congressional leaders, Fratto added.

plummet
【名】=plumb bob、急落、急な下落
【自動】真っすぐに落ちる、真っ逆さまに落ちる、急落する、急に下がる


Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson said he will continue to work with congressional leaders to draft a plan that does pass.
Before the vote, Bush said the plan was of "tremendous importance to all Americans." Bailout explainer: What's in the bill?

The Democratic candidate for U.S. president, Sen. Barack Obama, blasted Congress for not passing a financial rescue package, while the Republican candidate, Sen. John McCain's campaign accused Obama and Democrats of putting "politics ahead of country."

blast
 【名】爆風、突風、ひと吹き、爆破、攻撃、非難、とても楽しいこと、スリル、送風
 【他動】~を爆破する、爆発させる、~を攻撃する、激しく非難する、糾弾する、~を台無しにする、枯らす、~を演奏する


A four-hour debate included impassioned pleas for and against the measure from Democrats and Republicans alike. Even some of those arguing for the legislation were quick to point out problems with it.

impassioned【形】情熱{じょうねつ}の込もった、熱烈{ねつれつ}な
plea 【名】口実、言い訳、嘆願、弁解、懇願、答弁、抗弁、申し立て、罪状認否、妨訴抗弁
alike
 【形】似ている、そっくりで
 【副】同様{どうよう}に、一様{いちよう}に
legislation【名】立法行為、法律制定、政府提案、制定された法律
be quick to すぐに~する


But the vote began with both Democratic and Republican leadership telling their members the only way to protect the economy from a spreading credit crunch was to vote for the difficult to swallow measure.
After the defeat, Republican leaders accused Nancy Pelosi, the Democratic speaker of the House, of giving a partisan speech which "poisoned" Republican support.
Pelosi said the $700 billion "is a number that is staggering, but tells us only the costs of the Bush administration's failed economic policies."

staggering【形】ずれた、ジグザグの、交互交代的な、時差的な、千鳥足の、驚くべき、信じ難いほどの、膨大な


But Barney Frank, the top Democrat on the House Financial Services Committee, demanded: "Because somebody hurt their feelings, they decided to punish the country?" He said he did not think the Republican leadership was able to get enough colleagues to support the bailout and was diverting attention to Pelosi.

punish
 【自動】罰する、懲らしめる
 【他動】を罰する、を懲らしめる、罰則を科す、~を手荒に扱う、~を痛めつける、を不当に取り扱う
divert【他動】~をそらす、転換する、迂回させる、かわす、~を転用する、流用する、気を晴らさせる、を慰める


When leading House Republicans signed on to the proposal Sunday after earlier reservations, the bill was expected to pass.

House Republican 米国下院・共和党議員
House Democrat 米国下院・民主党議員
sign on to ~に署名する
reservation【名】差し控えること、留保、遠慮すること、秘密にしておくこと、条件を設けること、限定、予約、指定


Governments, markets and businesses around the world were watching developments in Washington closely amid fears that failure to tackle the crisis on Wall Street could have disastrous repercussions for the entire global economy.

amid【前】~に囲まれて、~の真ん中に、~の真っ最中に、~の真っただ中に、~の渦中に
disastrous【形】災害を引き起こす、破滅的な、悲惨な
have repercussions for ~に悪影響を及ぼす、~に余波が及ぶ


Markets tumbled again on Monday, affected by uncertainty earlier in the day over the U.S. bailout plan and fresh anxiety over the longterm consequences of so-called "toxic debts" which have already brought many established financial names to their knees.

tumble
 【名】転倒、転落、宙返り、でんぐり返し、下落、暴落、混乱、乱雑、乱雑な積み重ね、セックス
 【自動】倒れる、ひっくり返る、転げ回る、動き回る、宙返りをする、とんぼ返りをする、落ちる、落下する、下落する、崩壊する、崩れ落ちる、こぼれ出る、流れ落ちる
 【他動】~を倒す、~をひっくり返す、~を崩壊させる、~を放り投げる、~を投げ散らかす、~を回転ドラムに掛ける
uncertainty 【名】はっきりしない状態、確信のなさ、不確かさ、不確実さ、不確実性、ためらい、先行き不安、疑い、半信半疑、不透明感、不安、不確実なこと、当てにならないもの、不確定要素
anxiety【名】心配、不安、懸念、悩み、心配事、強い望み、切望、渇望、不安神経症
long-term 【形】長期の、長期にわたる、持続的な、長周期の
consequence 【名】結果、結論、結末、成り行き、帰結、因果関係、重大さ、重大性、重要性
toxic 【形】中毒性の、有毒な、中毒の
established name よく知られた名前
bring someone to his knees 攻め滅ぼす、をひざまずかせる、を服従させる


On Wall Street, the Dow Jones plunged almost 780 points as it became apparent the bailout was rejected. It recovered slightly to about 500 points down but closed at 777 down according to preliminary figures.
Light, sweet crude oil for November fell $10.52, or 8.9%, to $96.37 on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

crude oil 原油


Argentina's principal index -- the Merval -- tumbled nearly 10 percent. "This is going to affect the whole planet. It's not a problem of the United States alone. The United States is the world's foremost economy and this is going to affect everyone," said one person in Buenos Aires.

foremost
 【形】第一の、一番の、真っ先の、一流の、第一線に立って、最も重要な、注目に値する
 【副】第一に


European and Asian markets were closed by the time the bailout was rejected.
In Europe, London's FTSE 100 closed down about 4.16 percent, Paris' CAC-40 was down 4.9 percent and Frankfurt's DAX fell 3.87 percent.
In Asia, Hong Kong's benchmark Hang Seng Index shed 4.31 percent to 17,876.41 while Tokyo's Nikkei closed down 1.3 percent at 11,743.61.

shed
 【自動】落ちる、脱皮する、抜け落ちる
 【他動】噴出させる、血や涙を流す、光などを発する、発散する、減らす、削減する、解雇する、取り除く、水をはじく


In other developments Monday, federal regulators said they had brokered a deal for Wachovia, the fourth largest bank in the U.S., to sell its banking assets to Citigroup. Shares in Wachovia crashed on Friday amid concerns over its exposure to subprime mortgage debt.
broker
【名】
ブローカー、仲介業者{ちゅうかい ぎょうしゃ}、(株式{かぶしき})仲買人{なかがいにん}、株式仲介人{かぶしき ちゅうかいにん}、就職あっせん業者{ぎょうしゃ}
【他動】
~の仲立ち{なかだち}をする、橋渡し{はしわたし}を行う、取り決め[取引{とりひき}]のまとめ役[仲介{ちゅうかい}]をする、~を調停{ちょうてい}する


The UK's Bradford & Bingley mortgage lender became the second British bank to be taken into public ownership as a consequence of the fallout from the credit crunch.

fallout
 【名】フォールアウト、放射性降下物、副産物、副次的な影響、放棄者
 【形】脱落者の
credit crunch 金融引き締め、信用規制、銀行の貸し渋り、信用収縮、信用危機


Troubled Dutch-Belgian insurance giant Fortis also received an 11.2 billion euros ($16.4 billion) lifeline to protect it from insolvency over the weekend from the governments of Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.

insolvency【名】支払不能、破産状態


The U.S. bailout bill, released Sunday and endorsed by Bush after days of intense negotiations, is based on Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson's request for authority to purchase bad debts from financial institutions so banks can resume lending to enable credit markets, now virtually frozen, to resume operating normally.

endorse 【他動】裏書きする、保証する、承認する、受諾する、是認する、支持する
resume
 【名】レジュメ、摘要、履歴書、経歴、概要、要約書、レジューム
 【自動】再び始まる
 【他動】再び始める、再開する、復旧させる、再び取る、取り戻す、回復する


Concerns among some politicians over potential costs to taxpayers led to several amendments inserted to protect them from risk while giving them a chance to share in any profits if companies on Wall Street benefit from the plan.

amendment 【名】改正、訂正、修正条項、修正案


Pelosi said Sunday the provisions added by Congress -- which include a restriction on salary packages for senior executives whose companies benefit from the rescue plan -- will protect taxpayers from having to foot the bill for the bailout.

The aim of the rescue plan, which Paulson has been pushing since September 18, is to unfreeze the credit markets -- short-term lending among banks and corporations. The core of the problem is bad real estate loans that led to record foreclosures when the housing bubble burst and home prices declined.

foreclosure 【名】請け戻し権喪失、質流れ、担保権執行、フォークロージャー
unfreeze
 【自動】溶ける、解凍される
 【他動】溶かす、解凍する、~の凍結を解除する

In the past two weeks, the banking world and Wall Street have been reordered by a wave of collapses and corporate mergers.
The U.S. government has already intervened to protect key mortgage lenders Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and insurance giant AIG. Investment bank Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy while Merrill Lynch was forced to sell itself to Bank of America.

intervene【自動】間に入る、介在する、干渉する、介入する、立ち入る、邪魔する、邪魔に入る、挟まる、仲裁する、調停する、取りなす


WH: Vote 'a disappointment' 3:53
The White House says the core of the bill that was voted down by Congress will remedy the financial crisis.


'It's not Wall Street's fault' 3:07
A floor trader tells CNN's Richard Roth that Congress needs to get together and pass a bailout measure.


Bush appreciates 'hard work' 4:12
President Bush says the $700 billion bailout bill will help keep the financial crisis from spreading.
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上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。